SIL Electronic Working Papers 1997-004, June 1997
Copyright © 1997 Thomas N. Headland and P. Bion Griffin and Summer Institute of Linguistics, Inc.
All rights reserved.


A Bibliography of the Agta Negritos of Eastern Luzon, Philippines

compiled by

Thomas N. Headland and P. Bion Griffin


Abstract:

In the Philippines there are 29 known language groups of "Negritos," the aboriginal peoples of that island nation. These Negritos, found on several islands, number in total about 31,000. All of them are classed as hunter-gatherers or former hunter-gatherers. Ten of these groups are found scattered along the eastern coast of Luzon in the largest area of rain forest in the Philippines. These ten groups call themselves and their language 'Agta'. They number together about 10,500. This bibliography includes every reference known to the compilers that is publicly available that would be of academic interest to students of Negrito societies. References below include unpublished papers presented at national or international conferences only if formal copies of those papers were distributed at the conference and are in the possession of the compilers.


Abate, Tom. 1992. Into the Northern Philippines Rainforest. BioScience 42(4):246-251 (April).

Aduanan, Pompoek, and Thomas N. Headland. 1991. How Juan Got His Wife From Above [Analysis of an Agta Folktale]. In The Maiden of Many Nations: The Skymaiden Who Married a Man from Earth. Hazel J. Wrigglesworth, ed. Pp. 211-215. Manila: Linguistic Society of the Philippines.

Allen, Melinda S. 1985. The Rain Forest of Northeast Luzon and Agta Foragers. In The Agta of Northeastern Luzon: Recent Studies. P. Bion Griffin and Agnes Estioko-Griffin, eds. Pp. 45-68. Cebu City, Philippines: University of San Carlos Publications.

Amazona, D. 1951. Some Customs of the Aetas of the Baler Area. Philippines. Primitive Man 24:21-34.

Baer, G. A. 1907. Contribution a L'etude des Langues des Indigenes aux Iles Philippines. Anthropos 2:467-491. [Includes word lists of 100 words of 22 Philippine dialects 9 of which are Negrito languages, including Casiguran Agta and "Palauan" [sic. Palanan] Agta.

Barbosa, Artemio. 1985. The Ethnography of the Agta of Lamika, Penablanca, Cagayan. In The Agta of Northeastern Luzon: Recent Studies. P. Bion Griffin and Agnes Estioko-Griffin, eds. Pp. 12-17. Cebu City, Philippines: University of San Carlos Publications.

Benedicto, Lourdes C. 1977. Blackboard Newspaper and the Dumagats of Calabgan, Casiguran, Quezon. Master's thesis in Journalism, University of the Philippines, Diliman.

Bennagen, Ponciano L. 1969. Becoming an Anthropologist: Fieldwork among the Agta of Palanan, Isabela. In Anthropology: Range and Relevance. M. Zamora, ed. Quezon City: Kayumanggi Publishers.

Bennagen, Ponciano L. 1969. The Agta of Palanan, Isabela: Surviving Food-Gatherers, Hunters and Fisherman. Esso Silangan 14(3):5-7.

Bennagen, Ponciano L. 1976. Kultura at Kapaligiran: Pangkulturang Pagbabago at Kapanatagan ng mga Agta sa Palanan, Isabela. Master's thesis, Department of Anthropology, University of the Philippines, Diliman. [Written in Tagalog.]

Bennagen, Ponciano L. 1977. Pagbabago at Pag-unlad ng mga Agta sa Palanan, Isabela. Diwa 6(1-4):1-103. [Written in Tagalog.]

Bennagen, Ponciano L. 1977. Societal Responses to Environmental Problems: Subsistence, Settlement and Community Patterning among the Agta of Palanan, Isabela. Paper presented at the Twelfth American Studies Seminar, Laguna, October 24-29.

Bennagen, Ponciano L. 1977. The Negrito: A Rallying Call to Save a Filipino Group from Cultural Extinction. In Filipino Heritage: The Making of a Nation. Manila: Lahing Pilipino Publishing Co.

Bennagen, Ponciano. 1985. Philippines: Swidden Cultivation Among the Dumagat [Agta]. In Swidden Cultivation in Asia, volume three. [No editor given.] Pp. 213-295. Bangkok: Unesco Regional Office.

Blumentritt, F. 1883. On the East Coast of Luzon, After G. Wallis' Diary. Globus 46:377ff. [On the Negritos near Binangonan.]

Blumentritt, F. 1884. Die Negritos von Baler. Mitteilungen der Kaiserlich-koniglichen Geographischen Gesellschaft in Wien 27:317-321.

Blumentritt, F. 1884. Gaddanen, Ilongoten, Ibilaos and Negritos des Valley de Cagayan (Luzon). Boletin de la Sociedad Anthropologica de Viena 14.

Blumentritt, F. 1896. P. Castano's Nachrichten uber Bikols, Cimarronen, und Agtas. Mitteilungen der Kaiserlich-koniglichen Geographischen Gesellschaft in Wien 39:300-310.

Blumentritt, Ferdinand. 1896. Des Padre Fr. Jose Castano Nachrichten uber die Sprache der Agta (Philippinen). Bijdragen tot de taal-land-en volkendunde 46:434-436.

Castano, P. 1895. Noticia del Vicol. In Archivo del Bibliofilo Filipino, Vol. 1. W. Retana, ed. [does not indicate no. of pages.]

Clark, Constance D. 1990. The Trading Networks of the Northeastern Cagayan Agta Negritos. Master's thesis in anthropology, University of Hawaii.

Conservation International. 1991. The Palanan Wilderness. Washington DC: Conservation International. [A 12-page report in booklet form with color photos of Conservation International's 1991 biological diversity survey of Palanan, Isabela.]

Conservation International. 1991. Last Wilderness in the Philippines under Threat. Tropicus [a quarterly report to members of Conservation International] 4(3):1, 6-7 (fall).

Estioko-Griffin, Agnes A. 1984. The Ethnography of Southeastern Cagayan Agta Hunting. Master's thesis in anthropology, University of the Philippines.

Estioko-Griffin, Agnes A. 1985. Women as Hunters: The Case of an Eastern Cagayan Agta Group. In The Agta of Northeastern Luzon: Recent Studies. P. Bion Griffin and Agnes A. Estioko-Griffin, eds. Pp. 18-32. Cebu City, Philippines: University of San Carlos Publications.

Estioko-Griffin, Agnes A. 1986. Daughters of the Forest. Natural History 95(5):36-43 (May). [Reprinted in Anthropology: Contemporary Perspectives, 5th Ed, 1987. Phillip Whitten and David E. Hunter, eds. pp. 234-237. Boston: Little, Brown and Co.]

Estioko-Griffin, Agnes A. and P. Bion Griffin. 1975. The Ebuked Agta of Northeastern Luzon. Philippine Quarterly of Culture and Society 3:237-244.

Estioko-Griffin, Agnes A. and P. Bion Griffin. 1981. The Beginnings of Cultivation among the Agta Hunter-Gatherers in Northeastern Luzon. In Adaptive Strategies and Change in Philippine Swidden-based Societies. Harold Olofson, ed. Pp. 55-72. Laguna, Philippines: Forest Research Institute.

Estioko-Griffin, Agnes A. and P. Bion Griffin. 1981. Woman the Hunter: The Agta. In Woman the Gatherer. Frances Dahlberg, ed. Pp.121-151. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Estioko-Griffin, Agnes A., and P. Bion Griffin. 1984. Women Hunters: The Implications for Pleistocene Prehistory and Contemporary Ethnography. In Women In Asia and the Pacific: Toward an East-West Dialogue. Madeleine J. Goodman, ed. Pp. 61-81. Honolulu: University of Hawaii.

Griffin, P. Bion, and Agnes A. Estioko-Griffin. 1986. Maipaspasuli kadi lattan ti Aeta? Bannawag [Philippine magazine], February 10, pp. 5, 32-34. [Written in Ilokano].

Evrard, Alain. 1979. Encounter with a Vanishing Forest People: The Pugot [Agta] of Isabela. Orientations 10(11):34-39 (November). [Published in Hong Kong.]

Goodman, Madeleine J., Agnes A. Estioko-Griffin and John S. Grove l985. Menarche, Pregnancy, Birth Spacing and Menopause among the Agta Women Foragers of Northeastern Luzon, the Philippines. In The Agta of Northeastern Luzon: Recent Studies. P. Bion Griffin and Agnes A. Estioko-Griffin, eds. Pp. 147-157. Cebu City, Philippines: University of San Carlos Publications.

Goodman, Madeleine, J., P. Bion Griffin, Agnes A. Estioko-Griffin and John S. Grove. 1985. The Compatibility of Hunting and Mothering among the Agta Hunter-Gatherers of the Philippines. Sex Roles 12:1199-1209.

Griffin, Marcus B. 1994. Return to Palanan. Mabuhay: Inflight Magazine of Philippine Airlines 15(3):26-31. (March).

Griffin, Marcus B. 1994. Shifting Political Economy and the Breakdown of Conflict Resolution. In Hunters and Gatherers in the Modern Context, Vol. 1. Linda J. Ellanna, ed. Pp. 225-233. Fairbanks: University of Alaska.

Griffin, Marcus B. 1995. Katalakai. Mabuhay: Inflight magazine of Philippine Airlines.16(4):18-22 (April).

Griffin, Marcus B. 1996. The Cultural Identity of Foragers and the Agta of Palanan, Isabela, the Philippines. Anthropos 91:111-123.

Griffin, P. Bion and Agnes A. Estioko-Griffin, eds. 1985. The Agta of Northeastern Luzon: Recent Studies. Cebu City, Philippines: University of San Carlos Publications. [188 pp.; 12 chapters by 10 authors, 14 photos, index.]

Griffin, P. Bion and Agnes A. Estioko-Griffin. 1978. Ethnoarchaeology of Agta Hunter-Gatherers. Archaeology 31(6):34-43.

Griffin, P. Bion and Wilhelm G. Solheim, II. 1988-89. Ethnoarchaeological Research in Asia. Asian Perspectives 28(2):145-162.

Griffin, P. Bion, and Marcus B. Griffin. 1992. Fathers and Childcare Among the Cagayan Agta. In Father-Child Relations: Cultural and Biosocial Contexts. Barry S. Hewlett, ed. Pp. 297-320. Hawthorne, NY: Aldine de Gruyter.

Griffin, P. Bion, and Thomas N. Headland. 1985. A Selected Bibliography of the Agta Negritos of Eastern Luzon, Philippines. In The Agta of Northeastern Luzon: Recent Studies, P. Bion Griffin and Agnes A. Estioko-Griffin, eds. Pp. 166-175. Cebu City, Philippines: University of San Carlos Publications.

Griffin, P. Bion, and Thomas N. Headland. 1994. The Agta of the Philippines. In Traditional Peoples Today. Volume 5 of The Illustrated History of Humankind. Goran Burenhult, General Editor. Pp. 72-73. New York: HarperCollins.

Griffin, P. Bion, and Thomas N. Headland. 1994. The Negritos: Disappearing Hunter-Gatherers of Southeast Asia. In Traditional Peoples Today. Volume 5 of The Illustrated History of Humankind. Goran Burenhult, General Editor. P. 71. New York: HarperCollins.

Griffin, P. Bion, M. Goodman, A. Estioko-Griffin, and J. Grove. 1992. Agta Women Hunters: Subsistence, Child Care and Reproduction. In Man and his Culture: A Resurgence. Peter Bellwood, ed. Pp. 173-199. New Delhi: Vedams Books International.

Griffin, P. Bion. 1981. Northern Luzon Agta Subsistence and Settlement. Filipinas 2:26-42.

Griffin, P. Bion. 1984. Agta Forager Women in the Philippines. Cultural Survival 8(2):21-23.

Griffin, P. Bion. 1984. Forager Resource and Land Use in the Humid Tropics: The Agta of Northeastern Luzon, the Philippines. In Past and Present in Hunter-Gatherer Studies. Carmel Schrire, ed. Pp. 95-121. Florida: Academic Press.

Griffin, P. Bion. 1985. A Contemporary View of the Shift from Hunting to Horticulture: The Agta Case. In Recent Advances in Indo-Pacific Prehistory. V.N. Misra and Peter Bellwood, eds. Pp. 349-352. New Delhi: Oxford & IBH.

Griffin, P. Bion. 1985. Agta Subsistence Strategies and the Origins of Tropical Horticulture. In Recent Advances in Indo-Pacific Prehistory. V.N. Misra and P.S. Bellwood, eds. Pp. 349-352. New Delhi: Oxford IBH Publishing Company.

Griffin, P. Bion. 1985. Luzon Hokutobuno Agtazokuno Seikei Keizaito Shuraku [Agta Living Economics and a Village Structure--The Agta of Northeastern Luzon]. Etonosu [Ethnos in Asia] 27:5-20, 41-54. [Published in Shimonosekishi City, Japan. Translated from the English by Masao Nishimura.]

Griffin, P. Bion. 1985. Population Movements and Socio-economic Change in the Sierra Madre. In The Agta of Northeastern Luzon: Recent Studies. P. Bion Griffin and Agnes A. Estioko-Griffin, eds. Pp. 85-101. Cebu City, Philippines: University of San Carlos Publications.

Griffin, P. Bion. 1985. Ruson-to-Hokutobu-no Seikei-keizai-to Shuraku (Northeastern Luzon Agta Subsistence and Settlement), Etonosu [Ethnos in Asia] Vol.27:41-54 with 20 plates. [In Japanese; translated into Japanese by Masao Nishimura.]

Griffin, P. Bion. 1985. The Agta of the Foragers: Ethnoarchaeology and Ethnography. Weston, CT: Pictures of Record, Inc. [A slide set of 80 slides on the Agta published for educational use; price $114.]

Griffin, P. Bion. 1989. Hunting, Farming, and Sedentism in a Rain Forest Foraging Society. In Farmers as Hunters: The Implications of Sedentism. Susan Kent, ed. Pp. 60-70. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Griffin, P. Bion. 1991. Philippine Agta Forager-Serfs: Commodities and Exploitation. Senri Ethnological Papers 30:199-222.

Griffin, P. Bion. 1994. Becoming Filipino Peasants: Agta Forager Gender Role Changes. In Hunters and Gatherers in the Modern Context: Book of Presented Papers, Vol. 1. Linda J. Ellanna, ed. Pp. 234-238. Fairbanks, University of Alaska.

Guerrero, Virginia. l971. Education of the Ilongots and Negritos in the Division of Quezon I. Master's thesis in Education. Philippine Normal College, Manila.

Hamey, E.T. 1879. Etude Sur un Squelette d'Aeta des Environs de Binangonan. Nouvelles Archives du Museum d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris 2:181-212.

Headland, Janet D. 1966. Case-marking Particles in Casiguran Agta. Philippine Journal for Language Teaching 4(1-2):58-59.

Headland, Thomas N. 1971. Casiguran Dumagat [Phonological Description and Vocabulary]. In Philippine Minor Languages: Word Lists and Phonologies. Lawrence A. Reid, ed. Pp.9, 45ff. (Oceanic Linguistics Special Publication No. 8). Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.

Headland, Thomas N. 1975. Report of Eastern Luzon Language Survey. Philippine Journal of Linguistics 6:47-54.

Headland, Thomas N. 1975. The Casiguran Dumagat Today and in 1936. Philippine Quarterly of Culture and Society 3:245-257.

Headland, Thomas N. 1977. Teeth Mutilation among the Casiguran Dumagat. Philippine Quarterly of Culture and Society 5(1-2):54-64.

Headland, Thomas N. 1978. Cultural Ecology, Ethnicity, and the Negritos of Northeastern Luzon: A Review Article. Asian Perspectives XXI(I):127-139.

Headland, Thomas N. 1981. Imposed Values and Aid Rejection among Philippines Negritos. Paper presented at the Second International Philippine Studies Conference, Honolulu, June 27-30.

Headland, Thomas N. 1981. Taxonomic Disagreement in a Culturally Salient Domain: Botany Versus Utility in a Philippine Negrito Taxonomic System. Master's thesis, Department of Anthropology, University of Hawaii, Honolulu. Ann Arbor Michigan: University Microfilms International.

Headland, Thomas N. 1983. An Ehnobotanical Anomaly: The Dearth of Binomial Specifics in a Folk Taxonomy of a Negrito Hunter-Gatherer Society in the Philippines. Journal of Ethnobiology 3:109-120.

Headland, Thomas N. 1984. Agta Negritos of the Philippines. Cultural Survival Quarterly 8(3):29-31.

Headland, Thomas N. 1985. Comment [on Brown]. Current Anthropology 25(1):57-58.

Headland, Thomas N. 1985. Imposed Values and Aid Rejection among the Casiguran Agta. In The Agta of Northeastern Luzon: Recent Studies. P. Bion Griffin and Agnes A. Estioko-Griffin, eds. Pp. 102-118. Cebu City, Philippines: University of San Carlos Publications.

Headland, Thomas N. 1985. International Economics and Tribal Subsistence: A Report of a Microeconomic Study of a Negrito Hunter-gatherer Society in the Wake of the Philippine Crisis of l983. Philippine Quarterly of Culture and Society 13(3):235-239.

Headland, Thomas N. 1986. Why Foragers Do Not Become Farmers: A Historical Study of a Changing Ecosystem and Its Effect on a Negrito Hunter-Gatherer Group in the Philippines. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms International. [Order No. DA8622099]. [Abstract appears in Dissertation Abstracts International vol. 47, no. 6, 1986.]

Headland, Thomas N. 1987. Additional Negrito Dialects. In Summer Institute of Linguistics Annual Report [for 1986]. Hyatt Moore, ed. Pp. 6-7. Dallas: International Linguistics Center.

Headland, Thomas N. 1987. Kinship and Social Behavior Among Agta Negrito Hunter-Gatherers. Ethnology 26:261-280.

Headland, Thomas N. 1987. Negrito Religions: Negritos of the Philippine Islands. In The Encyclopedia of Religion, Vol. 10. Mircea Eliade, ed. Pp. 348-349. New York: Macmillan.

Headland, Thomas N. 1987. Report of a Case Study of Population Decline in a Philippine Negrito Hunter-Gatherer Society. Paper presented at the 86th Annual Meeting of the American Anthropological Association, Chicago, November 18-22.

Headland, Thomas N. 1987. The Wild Yam Question: How Well Could Independent Hunter-Gatherers Live in a Tropical Rainforest Ecosystem? Human Ecology 15:463-491.

Headland, Thomas N. 1988. Introduction to the Symposium 'Deculturation and Survival Among Southeast Asian Negritos: What Can Be Done?' Paper presented at the 12th International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, Zagreb, Yugoslavia, July 24-31.

Headland, Thomas N. 1988. Ecosystemic Change in a Philippine Tropical Rainforest and Its Effect on a Negrito Foraging Society. Tropical Ecology 29(2):121-135.

Headland, Thomas N. 1988. Why Foragers Do Not Become Farmers: The Competitive Exclusion Principle and the Persistence of the Professional Primitive. Paper presented at the 12th International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, Zagreb, Yugoslavia, July 24-31.

Headland, Thomas N. 1989. Population Decline in a Philippine Negrito Hunter-Gatherer Society. American Journal of Human Biology 1:59-72.

Headland, Thomas N. 1990. Time Allocation, Demography, and Original Affluence in a Philippine Negrito Hunter-Gatherer Society. In Sixth International Conference on Hunting and Gathering Societies: Precirculated Papers and Abstracts. Vol. 1. Pp. 427-439. Fairbanks: University of Alaska.

Headland, Thomas N. 1991. How Negrito Foragers Live in a Philippine Rainforest: What They Eat and What They Don't Eat. Paper presented at the International Symposium, Food and Nutrition in the Tropical Forest: Biocultural Interactions and Applications to Development (Sponsored by UNESCO). Paris, France, September 10-13.

Headland, Thomas N. 1991. Three Decades Among the Agta: Trials and Advantages of Long-Term Fieldwork with Philippine Hunter-Gatherers. Paper presented at the 90th Annual Meeting of the American Anthropological Association, Chicago, November 20-24.

Headland, Thomas N. 1993. Agta: A Cultural Summary. In Encyclopedia of World Cultures: Volume 5: East and Southeast Asia. Paul Hockings, ed. Pp. 4-6. New Haven: Human Relations Area Files.

Headland, Thomas N. 1993. Negritos, Philippines: A Cultural Summary. In Encyclopedia of World Cultures: Volume 5: East and Southeast Asia. Paul Hockings, ed. Pp. 210-211. New Haven: Human Relations Area Files.

Headland, Thomas N. and Janet D. Headland. 1974. A Dumagat (Casiguran) - English Dictionary. Canberra: Department of Linguistics, Research School of Pacific Studies, The Australian National University.

Headland, Thomas N. and Janet D. Headland. 1978. Report of Casiguran Dumagat Literacy Survey. Microfiche PhP499.213. Manila: Ateneo de Manila Libraries.

Headland, Thomas N. and Janet D. Headland. 1984. Casiguran Dumagat Kinship Terminology. In A Sampling of Philippine Kinship Patterns. Richard E. Elkins and Gail R. Hendrickson, eds. Pp. 69-73. Manila: Summer Institute of Linguistics.

Headland, Thomas N., and Janet D. Headland. 1985. A Casiguran Agta Census for the Year 1984. Microfiche. Reference No. 3mf 85-6056. Dallas: Summer Institute of Linguistics.

Headland, Thomas N., and Janet D. Headland. 1988. Rice Cultivation Practices in a Negrito Foraging Society in Northeastern Luzon, Philippines. International Rice Research Newsletter 13(5):38. (October).

Headland, Thomas N., and Janet D. Headland. 1994. Westernization, Deculturation, or Extinction Among Agta Negritos? Paper presented at the Seventh International Conference on Hunting and Gathering Societies, Moscow, Russia, August 17-23. Published in Hunters and Gatherers in the Modern Context: Book of Presented Papers, Vol. 1. Linda J. Ellanna, ed. Pp. 272-284. Fairbanks, University of Alaska.

Headland, Thomas N., and Janet D. Headland. 1997. Limitation of Human Rights, Land Exclusion, and Tribal Extinction: The Agta Negritos of the Philippines. Human Organization 56(1):79-90.

Headland, Thomas N., and Alan Healey. 1974. Grammatical Sketch of Casiguran Dumagat. Pacific Linguistics A-43:1-54.

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Headland, Thomas N., and Lawrence A. Reid. 1991. Holocene Foragers and Interethnic Trade: A Critique of the Myth of Isolated Independent Hunter-Gatherers. In Between Bands and States: Interaction in Small-Scale Societies. Susan Gregg, ed. Pp. 333-340. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University.

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Peterson, Jean. 1978. The Ecology of Social Boundaries: Agta Foragers of the Philippines. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.

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Peterson, Jean. 1982. The Effect of Farming Expansion on Hunting. Philippine Sociological Review 30:33-50.

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Rai, Navin K. 1981. Under the Shadow of Soft Gold: The Impact of the Logging Industry on a Hunter-Gatherer Society. Impulse 8(1):48-50.

Rai, Navin K. 1982. From Forest to Field: A Study of Philippine Negrito Forages in Transition. Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Anthropology, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Ann Arbor, Michigan: University Microfilms International.

Rai, Navin K. 1985. Ecology in Ideology: An example from the Agta Foragers of the Philippines. In The Agta of Northeastern Luzon: Recent Studies. P. Bion Griffin and Agnes Estioko-Griffin, eds. Pp. 33-44. Cebu City, Philippines: University of San Carlos Publications.

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Reid, Lawrence A. 1992. Southeast Asian Linguistic Traditions in the Philippines. Paper presented to the Biennial Conference of the Japan Society of Southeast Asian Historians, Tokyo University, June 13. [14 pages]

Reid, Lawrence A. 1994. Possible Non-Austronesian Lexical Elements in Philippine Negrito Languages. Oceanic Linguistics 33:37-72. [The first researcher to find evidence for a non-Austronesian substratum in the languages spoken by Phil. Negritos; hypothesizes that the Negritos developed an early pidgin or trade language, subsequently creolized, that they used to facilitate communication with in-migrating Austronesians.]

Reid, Lawrence A. 1994. Unraveling the Linguistic Histories of Philippine Negritos. In Language Continuity and Change in the Austronesian World. Thomas Dutton and Darrell Tryon, eds. Pp. 443-475. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

Rosaldo, Renato. 1983. Utter Savages of Scientific Value. In Politics and History in Band Societies. Eleanor Leacock and Richard B. Lee, eds. Pp. 309-326, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Schebesta, Paul. 1952. Die Negrito Asiens. Volume I. Wien:Modling.

Schebesta, Paul. 1954. Die Negrito Asiens. Volume II. Wien:Modling.

Schebesta, Paul. 1957. Die Negrito Asiens. Volume II,2. Wien:Modling.

Scherer, Otto. 1909. Linguistic Traveling Notes from Cagayan (Luzon). Anthropos 4:801-804. [Last name of author is spelled elsewhere as Scheerer.]

Semper, Carl. l861. Reise durch die Nordostlichen Provinzen der Insel Luzon. Zeitschrift fur Allgemeine Erdkunde. Vol. 10, pp.249-266. Berlin [For partial commentary, see William H. Scott, "Semper's 'Kalingas' 120 Years Later." Philippine Sociological Review 27(1979):93-101.]

Simangan, Melchor. 1956. The Negritos of Palanan, Isabela: Their Life and Culture. Master's thesis in Education, Manila: National University.

Simon, S. 1975. The Socioeconomic Status of the Dumagats of Palanan, Isabela: It's Implications to Education. Master's thesis in Education, Santiago: Northeastern College.

Simon, S. 1982. The Community Life of the Dumagats of Palanan, Isabela: It's Implications to Development, Ph.D. dissertation in Education, St. Paul University, Tuguegarao, Cagayan.

Simon, Samuel E. 1988-89. The Community Life of the Dumagats of Palanan, Isabela. Journal of Northern Luzon 19(1-2):1-57.

Turnbull, Wilfred. 1929. The 'Dumagats' of North-East Luzon. Philippine Magazine 26(3):131-133, 175-178;26(4):208-209 237-240.

Turnbull, Wilfred. 1930. Bringing a Wild Tribe under Government Control. Philippine Magazine 26(12):782-798; 27(1):31-120; 27(2):90-120.

Vanoverbergh, Morice. 1937-38. Negritos of Eastern Luzon. Anthropos 32:905-928; 33:119-164.

Vanoverbergh, Morice. 1937. Some Undescribed Languages of Luzon. Nijmegen: Dekker S. Van de Vegt N.V. Publications de la Commission d'Enquete Linguistique, III.

Wastl, J. 1957. Beitrag zur Anthropologie der Negrito von Ost-Luzon. Anthropos 52:769-812.

Worcester, Dean. 1912. Headhunters of Northern Luzon. National Geographic Magazine 23:833-930.

Worcester, Dean. 1955. Domestic Economy of the Dumagats. Pontificia Accademia delle Scienze (Rome) Acta, Vol.18.

Zipagang, A. 1970. A Survey of Dumagat Culture in Palanan, Isabela. Master's thesis. Manila: University of Santo Tomas.

Addendum 1: Archival Sources of Agta Music

Several pieces of traditional Casiguran Agta music (both songs and instrumental) were recorded by Thomas Headland and Jose Maceda in the 1960s and of Palanan Agta music by an anonymous collector. Dr. Maceda was at the time a professor of ethnomusicology at the University of the Philippines. These recordings are deposited in the following three places:

  1. The Department of Asian Music, University of the Philippines. For list of, see the Maceda 1975 reference below. Refer to "Agta" on p. 498 and "Dumagat" on p. 509.
  2. Peoples of the Pacific Hall, The American Museum of Natural History, New York City.
  3. Cantometrics, Apartment 12E, 215 West 98th Street, New York, NY. See Lomax 1971 below.

Lomax, Alan. 1971. "A Computerized Output of Casiguran Dumagat [Agta] Song Style, An Evaluation." Unpublished computer output, Cantometrics, Apt. 12E, 215 West 98th Street, New York, NY. Copy in the files of the Philippine Branch of the Summer Institute of Linguistics, Manila.

Maceda, Jose. 1975. "A Preliminary List of Vocal Music in the Philippines as Recorded in a Collection of Tapes at the Department of Asian Music, University of the Philippines." In Dialogue For Development: Papers from the first national congress of Philippine folklore, Xavier University, Cagayan de Oro, December 1972. Francisco R. Demetrio, ed. Pp. 497-548. Cagayan de Oro, Philippines: Xavier University.

Addendum 2: A List Of Important Bibliographies On Philippine Negritos

Garvan, John M. 1964. The Negritos of the Philippines (ed. by Hermann Hochegger). Vienna: Verlag Ferdinand Berger Horn. (Pp. 272-274.)

Genet, Varcin, E. 1951. Les Negritos de L'ile de Lucon, Philippines. Paris: Societe d'Anthropologie. (See the Bibliographie, pp. 247-256.)

Lebar, Frank, ed. 1975. Negritos. Ethnic Groups of Insular Southeast Asia: Vol. 2: Philippines and Formosa. Pp. 24-31. New Haven: Human Relations Area Files Press. (References in the bibliography on Negritos are cited in the text.)

Maceda, Marcelino N. 1975. The Culture of the Mamanua (Northeast Mindanao) as Compared with that of the Other Negritos of Southeast Asia. 2nd ed. Cebu City: University of San Carlos. Pp. 126-148.

Noval-Morales, Daisy Y., and James Moran. 1979. A Primer on the Negritos of the Philippines. Manila: Philippine Business for Social Progress. Pp. 180-200.

Rahmann, Rudolf. 1975. The Philippine Negritos in the Context of Research on Food-Gatherers during This Century. Philippine Quarterly of Culture and Society 3:204-236. (Pp.231-234.)

Saito, Shiro. 1972. Philippine Ethnography: A Critically Annotated and Selected Bibliography. Honolulu: The University Press of Hawaii. [References to Negritos are scattered throughout the book. Look in Index under "Negrito," "Dumagat," "Batak," etc.]

Warren, Charles P. 1959. Negrito Groups in the Philippines: Preliminary Bibliography. Unpublished typescript. University of Chicago, Philippine Studies Program. (16 pages, contains 258 bibliographic entries. Copy also in the library of the University of the Philippines, Diliman.)


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